Dysgraphia: How to Recognize Signs of Dysgraphia in Your Child This article provides helpful signs…
What Your Child’s Handwriting and Fine Motor Skills Tell You
Integrated Learning Strategies (ILS) is a learning and academic center. As a reminder, ILS is not a health care provider and none of our materials or services provide a diagnosis or treatment of a specific condition or learning challenge with fine motor skills you may see in your child or student. If you seek a diagnosis or treatment for your child or student, please contact a trained professional who can provide an evaluation of the child.
When parents and students walk into an Occupational Therapy center or other movement-based facility, they may stand in awe at all the kids swinging on swings, throwing balls, crashing into a bean bags and riding on a scooter board. I can hear the words in their head saying, “Did I come to the right place?” “How could this possibly help my child learn?” I can’t blame parents for being skeptical, after all, I would have thought the same thing if what my child needed was some reading tutoring or help with retaining their letters or math facts. Why would they possibly need to swing to read? Great point!
What’s fascinating about the brain and the body is that they are connected, which many people don’t realize. What we are finding now is that because so many children are being less active and not getting the playtime they normally would have in kindergarten and first grade 20 years ago, their academics are suffering. Our goal may have been to compete with our international counterparts, but our kids are now falling backward instead of moving forward. And we are not the only ones out there who agree that more playtime is key to learning in the classroom.
With all the recent articles in the Washington Post and New York Times about how more schools (especially in Finland) are implementing programs with occupational therapy, sensory toys and movement opportunities to help children develop their gross and fine motor skills, they are now seeing vast improvements in hand-eye coordination to track words on a page, improvements in core muscle strength used for attention and focus, retention of facts, letters and instructions given by the teacher (auditory), and stronger development of handwriting with fine motor skills.
So if we’ve established that these types of activities actually help kids, how do we measure them? Each child is unique and different so how could we possibly “quantify” the results so more schools can start providing similar options? Well, let’s put it to the test!
Even if you don’t track the progress of your child or students with numbers and graphs, you can track how their performance levels grow over time. For example, a young 8-year-old boy in third grade with handwriting that was almost unrecognizable. At that age, children are usually well on their way to writing paragraphs and sentences, however, this little boy’s letters were backward, he could barely grip the pencil and he was only able to write a few letters and words, not full sentences.
As you know, handwriting is one of the fundamental building blocks for reading, communication, expression, and test-taking. Effective writing helps children remember, organize, and process information. As we teach our children to read and write, we should remember it isn’t just a matter of handing them a pencil and a picture of the letter “b” and telling them to write their letters. As you will see, letter formation is just as important as the handwriting itself. Here is what I mean.
First, take a look at where the student began. You can see how some of the letters are backward; the tails of the letters are either above or below the lines and his writing curves downward instead of him writing in a straight line.
These were all signs of poor fine motor skills and fine motor development.
Start from the Beginning
Before working on the student’s handwriting, you should incorporate movement and handwriting activities to stimulate the brain and the body for higher learning. As you begin incorporating activities to not only strengthen fine motor skills, but gross motor skills as well, you may begin to notice changes. When this boy worked on hand-eye coordination, core body strength and the muscles in the fingers and hands, his parents notice significant differences in his retention of letters and sounds, letter formation, sentence structure and handwriting.
Many of you can do the same with simple and fun games like you see here for fine motor skills as well as movement activities and animal yoga poses like you see here to develop their gross motor skills.
You can see the amazing improvement in his updated draft below just by working on developing the fine motor skills as well as the gross motor skills.
Letter Formation and Sentence Structure
Once his core muscle was strengthened and the left and right hemispheres of the brain, his parents continued seeing vast improvements in his reading and writing. Now that connections in the brain were improved, he was able to focus on the details of his handwriting. The next steps were to improve letter formation and sentence structure.
You may not think there is a right or wrong way to write as long as the letters get down on paper, but there is a huge difference in how it is connected to learning. The first red flag you may see is your child writing their letters from bottom to top. Why is this important to correct? First of all, we naturally read top to bottom, right to left. By structuring our letters from top to bottom, we prepare our kids for reading more challenging and difficult books. It is also the way the brain functions. It needs that top to bottom, left to right movement for organizing the creative sides (right) and the organized sides (left) of the brain.
It also helps your child recognize the differences in how to write the letters, especially those that are easily confused like “b” and “d.” It’s easy to write those backward. A great place to start is to teach your child to start at the top with their pencil and draw a “c.” If you think about our letters, many of them include this motion (d, g, a, c, o) so if they can learn how to write “c,” their hand motion and fine motor skills are already practicing the movement for other letters. For more tricks and activities for developing your child’s letter placement, view “Teaching Letter Formation and Placement.”
As your child begins to improve their letter formation, then you can focus on the details of paragraph and sentence structure. Help them line their words and sentences in the left hand margin.
You can see the differences even from this student’s first draft to their final product and it looks amazing! The results are undeniable and he is now in fifth grade as a thriving student, not only with his handwriting, but his reading, math, spelling and overall academic achievement.
If you have a struggling child at home or in school, especially those with sensory issues, ADHD, Dyslexia, Autism and auditory processing issues, find ways to work on their gross motor skills and fine motor skills first (like you see here) before helping them with higher learning concepts. As you see in the articles above, playtime and movement is one of the keys to cognitive development and excelling in the classroom.
Handwriting Exercises for Big Emotions and Hand Strength
To improve your child’s hand grip strength, emotional grounding, fine motor development, and skills for reading and writing, the Rewiring the Brian Handbooks may help. They provide instructions and fun activities to help children build their cognitive development for higher learning.
Both handbooks, beginner and intermediate, provide parents, teachers, Occupational Therapists, Pediatric Therapists, and educators with several fun, playful learning activities to ignite learning. The handbook includes some of the following features:
- Instruction to Rewiring the Brain
- How handwriting exercises benefit your child’s learning development
- Line exercises for letter development and recognition
- Mazes, dot to dots, tracing, coloring, hole punch activities, and more
- Curves, boxes, and shapes
Each digital handbook targets a child’s emotional and educational development. It is based on the level of the child instead of their age. You may have a child who is 8-years-old, but is still at a beginning level.
- Rewiring the Brain Part I Beginner Level – 63 pages of exercises and activities
- Rewiring the Brain Part II Intermediate Level – 40 pages of exercises and activities
Activities should be done for at least 20 minutes per day. Repetition and practice is key. All activities require adult supervision in the beginning and can be used in conjunction with music therapy and gross motor development if needed.
Integrated Learning Strategies is a Utah-based center dedicated to helping mainstream children and children with learning challenges achieve academic success. Our services provide kids with non-traditional tutoring programs within the Davis County, Kaysville, Layton, Syracuse, Farmington, and Centerville areas. Areas to find Integrated Learning Strategies include: Reading tutors in Kaysville, Math tutors in Kaysville, Common Core Tutors in Kaysville, Tutors in Utah, Utah Tutoring Programs