Special needs children: 5 ways to help their physical literacy flourish
Edmonton’s Amanda Ebert is an adapted physical activity consultant at University of Alberta’s Steadward Centre. Her best days at work are those in which she uncovers inaccuracies.“My favourite is when assumptions are challenged and proven wrong,” says Ebert. “These could be assumptions held by students, community leaders, parents, children, and myself.”
Ebert helps deliver adapted physical activity programming in Free2BMe, an innovative program providing fitness opportunities for special needs children and youth.
The key to these successes — and proving assumptions wrong — is removing the words “I can’t” from a family’s vocabulary.
“Everyday we see children’s confidence and competence increase as they explore movement, try new sports, and realize they can do anything they want to,” Ebert says.
Children learning to ride bicycles, catch a ball, understand sports concepts, and participate in Para-sports are some of the many success stories that the Free2BMe program has played a part in.
For families beginning their journey, Ebert offers five ways that parents and children can work together to help their fitness and physical literacy flourish.
1. Enroll in a group program
Unlike individual sports and physical therapy programs, group programs bring children and parents together, providing valuable opportunities for teamwork.
“Specialized programs for kids living with impairments provides opportunities to connect with children who may be experiencing some of the same difficulties and success that they are,” Ebert explains. The Steadward Centre’s innovative integrated programs (comprised of a mix of children with and without impairments) foster a culture of acceptance and inclusion. “Children are always very welcoming and warm when introduced to the ‘can do’ approach,” she adds.
Ebert reminds parents that group programs also brings parents an opportunity to connect and learn from each other. “Talk to other parents of kids with various impairments. What is common knowledge in one group may be very beneficial to other families,” notes Ebert.
2. Create an active environment at home
Don’t limit your child’s active play to physical therapy sessions. Having sports equipment at home encourages your entire family to play together. Gear that the whole family can use — sticks, bats, Bosu balls — help teach special needs children sport-specific language (for example, dribbling in soccer and dribbling in basketball).
One piece of equipment Ebert really likes is an O-ball, a lightweight frame of a ball, ideal for kids who may have trouble grabbing or gripping. “The most important thing to do is provide as many different opportunities to explore how their body moves,” stresses Ebert.
3. Get outside
“The outdoors provide endless, healthy opportunities to develop physical literacy,” maintains Ebert, who encourages parents to enjoy the great outdoors with their children. A playground doesn’t have to be your go-to destination. Different terrains (and their textures) offer new sensory experiences and opportunities for children to move their bodies in different ways.
“Outside, children have opportunities to climb, slide, wheel, balance, push, pull, swing, and move on different surfaces,” she says. “Encourage exploration! If you are not sure if something will work, try it anyway. Your child needs to learn what their body can do and how to get it to do what they want.”
4. Have a positive attitude
“Unfortunately, parents of children with impairments are often told what their child ‘cannot do’ or ‘will not be able to do’,” Ebert adds. “This can, understandably, leave parents with doubt, hesitations, and fears.” She reminds parents that just because an activity might look different or their child may need assistance doesn’t mean that it’s not possible.
“Expose your child to everything a typically developing child would be exposed to. Just know you may have to modify rules, environments or equipment to enhance success.”
5. Celebrate milestones together
“At younger ages, many children born with impairments spend their first few years prioritizing things like health, self care, and communication,” Ebert points out. “Accessing sport and recreation is often not the top priority. Remember that physical literacy is an individual, unique journey. Don’t compare your child with anyone.”
Milestones, such as mastering a sports skill, developing friendships, or inspiring others, should be celebrated. Ebert reminds us that this is the most rewarding part of her work at the Steadward Centre. “Everyday we see children’s confidence and competence increase as they explore movement, try new sports, and realize they can do anything they want to.”
Active for Life is a non-profit organization committed to helping parents raise happy, healthy, physically literate kids. For more articles like this one, please visit Activeforlife.com.
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